Undergraduate Courses

Spring 2020

0427 Myth and Science 2204 32390 
Dr. Paolo Palmieri
Tu & Th 1:00p.m.-2:15p.m.
cross-listed with CLASS 0330/32391
 

This course teaches rational and mythological thinking, the stories of early humanity, the mysterious emergence of philosophy in Greek civilization, and the transformation of myth into science. We will venture to reawaken the deep mythological structure of the human mind, the powers of the imagination as opposed to the powers of logic and reason. We will engulf ourselves in the pleasure of fantastic stories involving early humans, gods, heroes, impossible animals, as figures of thought that are always alive in in the world around us and help live a better life. There are no prerequisites, no exams, and no quizzes.

0427 Myth and Science 2204 26999 
George Borg
M & W 9:30a.m.-10:45a.m.
cross-listed with CLASS 0330/27377
 

Some of the oldest written texts reveal that humans have always told stories to explain the world around them. When those stories are ancient, we call them myths; when they are recent, we call them science. This course will examine primary source texts from ancient Assyrian and Babylonian civilizations through the Greeks to about the 4th century BC. Authors studied will include the Pre-Socratics, Plato, Aristotle, as well as several authors in astronomy, mathematics, and medicine, including Euclid, Archimedes, and the Hippocratic texts. Key questions addressed: How have concepts of the cosmos changed through the period studied? What is the difference between myth and science? What is the place of divinity in past and present thinking? What roles do history and culture play in conceptions of the natural world?

0515 Magic, Medicine and Science 2204 11379 
Jacob Neal
Thursday 6:00p.m.-8:30p.m.
Cross-listed with HIST 0089/11378
 

Science is the result of a long process of formation starting in Antiquity and culminating in the late seventeenth century with the so-called Scientific Revolution. Before the Scientific Revolution science, magic, and medicine were strongly related. This course examines the historical processes by which science became an independent sphere of human endeavor in the Western world.

0515 Magic, Medicine and Science 2204 22254 
Dr. Jason Rampelt
M & W 12:00p.m. 1:15p.m.
Cross-listed with HIST 0089/22255
 

This course will consider some of the most important lines of thought in Western intellectual history, from the Ancient Greeks to the Scientific Revolution. We will begin briefly with ancient Greek speculations in cosmology, natural philosophy, and medicine. Then we will examine how they develop through the Middle Ages and into the Renaissance. These include, among other topics, the magical, alchemical, and astrological traditions that flourished from Antiquity through the 17th century. In the second half of the course will focus on the exciting intellectual transformations in 17th-century Britain and Europe, which constitute the beginnings of modern science. The great scientific achievements of figures such as Galileo, Kepler, Copernicus, Descartes, Boyle, and Newton will be discussed. In this course, students will gain a clear understanding of the multi-dimensional origins of modern science.

0611 Principles of Scientific Reasoning 2204 31548 
Dr. Marian Gilton
M & W 3:00p.m.-4:15p.m.
 

This is a philosophy class about scientific reasoning. What makes scientific reasoning distinctive (or not) from other instances of reasoning? To answer this question, students will first practice using tools from deductive and inductive logic. This part of the class will seem more like a math class: there will be abstract symbols much like algebraic variables, rules for manipulating them, and regular homework problems. However, the heart of the class is in the process of each student using their understanding of these formal methods of deductive and inductive logic to develop their own views on the nature of scientific reasoning. To do this, students will read and discuss articles in philosophy of science. Topics will include the relationship between theoretical and experimental science, the aims of science, and the intellectual virtues fitting to scientific practice.

0612 Mind and Medicine 2204 11413 
Dr. Gillian Barker
M & W 1:00p.m.-1:50p.m.
 

This course is an introduction to philosophical issues at the intersection of psychology and medicine. We consider questions in three broad areas: (I) Minds Do Medicine - Medical knowledge is the product of human minds. What implications follow from this? Can we improve medical science by a better understanding of human cognitive and social psychology? (II) Medicine Looks at Minds – Some medicine aims to understand and treat “mental illnesses,” i.e. illnesses of the mind. What problems arise when we try to apply medical concepts and methods to the mind as well as the body? How do recent developments in brain science help or complicate these efforts? (III) Mind and Medicine in the Clinic – In clinical settings, the psychology of clinicians and patients interact. What challenges arise in those interactions? How can thinking about the psychology of clinical practice help us improve clinical outcomes?

Specific questions we’ll explore will include: Are concepts like health and disease objective? What biases in medical research and practice result from human cognitive limitations? Does the profit motive distort medical research? Should we replace the concept of “mental illness” with “neurodiversity”? Do minds have gender? How do assumptions about gender affect psychological research? Can new brain-imaging technologies help us rethink psychology? How can patients’ “inside” knowledge of their conditions contribute to medical understanding? What is the role of empathy in clinical practice? Can artificial intelligence outperform human doctors?

The goal of this class is to provide students with a critical understanding of the philosophical issues in this rapidly evolving area. Previous knowledge of biology, psychology, medicine, and philosophy is not needed for this class; background information will be introduced as needed. Students who successfully complete this course will be able to understand and apply key philosophical concepts and tools to topics in medicine and psychology; to read, assess, and construct basic philosophical arguments; and think critically and communicate clearly about some foundational questions as health care providers, researchers, policy makers, and consumers.

Prerequisites: There are no formal prerequisites for this course. This course is part of a core sequence leading to certification in the Conceptual Foundations of Medicine Program and is a companion course to HPS 0613 (Morality and Medicine) but may be taken independently. This course is of particular interest to pre-medical and pre-health care students.

Recitation: One hour/week

0612 Mind and Medicine 2204 24472 
Evan Pence
Thursday 6:00p.m.-8:30p.m.
 

This course is designed as an introduction to the philosophy of medicine and psychiatry. Some of the questions examined include: What is disease? Can one define disease and disorder purely objectively? Are psychiatric disorders real? How should scientists explain psychiatric disorders and other medical conditions? How do researchers study diseases? What is the relation between the causes of disease and their symptoms? The goal of this class is to provide students with a critical understanding of these philosophical issues. Previous knowledge of biology, neuroscience, or medicine is not needed for this class. Key notions and theories in these fields will be introduced progressively.

This course is also part of a core sequence leading to certification in the Conceptual Foundations of Medicine Certificate Program and is a companion course to HPS 0613 (Morality and Medicine) but may be taken independently. The course may be of particular interest to pre-medical and pre-health care students.

0612 Mind and Medicine 2204 27003
Kaveh Shahin
 Tu & Th 2:30p.m.-3:45p.m.
 

This course is designed as an introduction to the philosophical issues that exist at the intersection of biology, psychiatry, and medicine. Some of the questions we will grapple with include: What is mental illness? Are mental illnesses like physical illnesses? What is a disease? Should certain functionalities be considered "normal" or "natural" for an organism? How do researchers study diseases? What is the relation between the causes of disease and their symptoms? We will discuss these questions both from a scientific / empirical point of view and a philosophical / conceptual one. Students need not have prior knowledge of biology, psychiatry, or medicine.

0613 Morality and Medicine 2204 28034 
Dr. Jonathan Fuller
M & W 2:00p.m.-2:50p.m.
 

In this course, we will examine bioethical issues that arise in contemporary medical research and practice through a philosophical lens. We will analyze traditional bioethical dilemmas around: informed consent and medical decision-making, mental health, reproduction, empathy and the physician-patient relationship, death, and clinical research, among other topics. However, we will go beyond bioethics in exploring the ethical problems (concerning the good), metaphysical problems (concerning reality) and epistemic problems (concerning knowledge) raised by bioethical dilemmas, including: rationality and reasoning, medicalization, the nature of pregnancy, the phenomenology of illness, the nature and badness of death, and the methodology of clinical research. Students will come away with an approach to analyzing bioethical dilemmas and an appreciation for the philosophical problems underlying them. This course is part of a core sequence leading to certification in the Conceptual Foundations of Medicine Certificate Program and is a companion course to HPS 0612 (Mind and Medicine) but may be taken independently. The course will be of particular interest to pre-medical and pre-health care students.

Recitation: One hour per week

0613 Morality and Medicine 2204 24812 
Michael Begun
Tuesday 6:00p.m.-8:30p.m.
 

Ethical dilemmas in the practice of health care continue to proliferate and receive increasing attention from members of the health care profession, ethicists, policy makers, and the general public as health care consumers. In this course we will examine a number of ethical issues that arise in the context of contemporary medical practice and research by analyzing articles and decision scenarios. Topics to be covered typically include the physician-patient relationship; informed consent; medical experimentation; termination of treatment; genetics; reproductive technologies; euthanasia; resource allocation; and health care reform. Students who successfully complete this course will be able to identify and analyze different philosophical approaches to selected issues in medical ethics; have gained insight into how to read and critically interpret philosophical arguments; and have developed skills that will enable them to think clearly about ethical questions as future or current health care providers, policy makers, and consumers. This course is part of a core sequence leading to certification in the Conceptual Foundations of Medicine Certificate Program and is a companion course to HPS 0612 (Mind and Medicine) but may be taken independently. The course is of particular interest to pre-medical and pre-health care students.

0613 Morality and Medicine 2204 24975
Siska De Baerdemaeker
2204 24975 Monday 6:00p.m.-8:30p.m.
 

Ethical dilemmas in the practice of health care continue to proliferate and receive increasing attention from members of the health care profession, ethicists, policy makers, and the general public as health care consumers. In this course we will examine a number of ethical issues that arise in the context of contemporary medical practice and research by analyzing articles and decision scenarios. Topics to be covered include the physician-patient relationship; informed consent; medical experimentation; beginning of life-care and reproductive technologies; end of life-care; and public health policy. Students who successfully complete this course will be able to identify and analyze different philosophical approaches to selected issues in medical ethics; have gained insight into how to read and critically interpret philosophical arguments; and have developed skills that will enable them to think clearly about ethical questions as future or current health care providers, policy makers, and consumers.

This course is part of a core sequence leading to certification in the Conceptual Foundations of Medicine Certificate Program and is a companion course to HPS 0612 (Mind and Medicine) but may be taken independently. The course is of particular interest to pre-medical and pre-health care students.

0613 Morality and Medicine-CGS 2204 24096
Kathleen Morrow
Wednesday 6:00p.m.-8:30p.m.
 

Ethical dilemmas in the practice of health care continue to proliferate and receive increasing attention from members of the health care profession, ethicists, policy makers, and the general public as health care consumers. In this course we will examine a number of ethical issues that arise in the context of contemporary medical practice and research by analyzing articles and decision scenarios. Topics to be covered typically include the physician-patient relationship; informed consent; medical experimentation; termination of treatment; genetics; reproductive technologies; euthanasia; resource allocation; and health care reform. Students who successfully complete this course will be able to identify and analyze different philosophical approaches to selected issues in medical ethics; have gained insight into how to read and critically interpret philosophical arguments; and have developed skills that will enable them to think clearly about ethical questions as future or current health care providers, policy makers, and consumers. This course is part of a core sequence leading to certification in the Conceptual Foundations of Medicine Certificate Program and is a companion course to HPS 0612 (Mind and Medicine) but may be taken independently. The course is of particular interest to pre-medical and pre-health care students.

0613 Morality and Medicine 2204 32811 
Tom Wysocki
Tuesday 6:00p.m.-8:30p.m.
 

Ethical dilemmas in the practice of health care continue to proliferate and receive increasing attention from members of the health care profession, ethicists, policy makers, and the general public as health care consumers. In this course we will examine a number of ethical issues that arise in the context of contemporary medical practice and research by analyzing articles and decision scenarios. Topics to be covered typically include the physician-patient relationship; informed consent; medical experimentation; termination of treatment; genetics; reproductive technologies; euthanasia; resource allocation; and health care reform. Students who successfully complete this course will be able to identify and analyze different philosophical approaches to selected issues in medical ethics; have gained insight into how to read and critically interpret philosophical arguments; and have developed skills that will enable them to think clearly about ethical questions as future or current health care providers, policy makers, and consumers. This course is part of a core sequence leading to certification in the Conceptual Foundations of Medicine Certificate Program and is a companion course to HPS 0612 (Mind and Medicine) but may be taken independently. The course is of particular interest to pre-medical and pre-health care students.

0620 Science and Religion 2204 25712 
Dr. Brock Bahler
Tu & Th 1:00p.m.-2:15p.m.
Cross-listed with RELGST 1770/25710 & PHIL 1840/25711
 

The media caricature regarding the debate between science and religion is predictable: the two sides are polar opposites angrily vying for alternative worldviews, the scientist representing secularism and rationality with the religionist representing superstition and ignorance. Such stereotypes are unhelpful and misleading, both historically and practically. This course examines both historical and contemporary articulations regarding the potential complementarity of religion and science, particularly within the Western monotheist faiths. Special attention will be given to a comparative analysis of ancient creation narratives, contributions to science by people of faith, religious responses to evolutionary biology, and the potential problems scientific discovery raises for religious devotion and interpreting religious texts. We will also consider practical, contemporary debates including what neuroscience can tell us about religious practices, how religion might respond to climate change, and how racism and misogyny have historically shaped scientific research.

0621 Problem Solving: How Science Works 2204 27004 
Jennifer Whyte
M & W 4:30p.m.-5:45p.m.
 

A scientist announces that the sun contains a new, so far unknown chemical element, even though there is no hope of getting a sample. Another is sure that a famous predecessor has faked his data, even though he has seen nothing but the perfect, published results. Astonishingly, both claims prove to be sober and sound. We will explore the approaches and methods that make such miracles part of the routine of everyday science. This course is intended for students with little or no background in science.

1702 JR/SR Seminar for HPS Majors 2204 10958 
Dr. Colin Allen
Wednesday 1:00p.m.-3:25p.m.
 

This seminar is intended to be a “capstone” experience for majors in history and philosophy of Science. So far, each of you have taken an array of courses that specialize in one of other aspect of HPS. The purpose of this seminar is to give you a more advanced understanding of both history of science and philosophy of science than you may have had in your introductory classes. It will also give you direct experience of how someone with a background in HPS synthesizes their history of science and their philosophy of science. The early parts of the seminars will present you with case studies of how historical and philosophical analysis of science can be combined. They are intended to be exemplars, for the only way to learn to create HPS is by doing it. As the seminar proceeds, you will carry out a series of assignments in history and in philosophy of science that will build and combine into a final, term paper project in which you will synthesize history and philosophy of science. The historical part will arise through your researching of some episode in history of science that both interests you and promises to interact in an interesting way with a philosophical topic of interest to you. You will also present your results in a poster. Learning how present material is an essential skill for scholars in HPS. The use of posters was once uncommon in HPS, but their use is becoming frequent.

1703 Writing Workshop for HPS Majors 2204 10959 
Dr. Colin Allen
Wednesday 1:00p.m.-3:25p.m.
 

This writing workshop is designed to introduce HPS majors to the methods and standards of good scholarly writing in History and Philosophy of Science. It will be offered to HPS majors only in conjunction with HPS 1702, JR/SR Seminar. Evaluation will be based on two short papers that will be rewritten on the basis of the instructor's comments.

This Writing Workshop is for HPS Undergrad Majors in Junior or Senior Year.

 

Past Semesters

Fall 2019

0427       Myth and Science (2201-10701)
Dr. Jason Rampelt
Wednesday 6:00p.m.-8:30p.m.
cross-listed with CLASS 0330/26628
 
Some of the oldest written texts reveal that humans have always told stories to explain the world around them. When those stories are ancient, we call them myths; when they are recent, we call them science. This course will examine primary source texts from ancient Assyrian and Babylonian civilizations through the Greeks to about the 4th century BC. Authors studied will include the Pre-Socratics, Plato, Aristotle, as well as several authors in astronomy, mathematics, and medicine, including Euclid, Archimedes, and the Hippocratic texts. Key questions addressed: How have concepts of the cosmos changed through the period studied? What is the difference between myth and science? What is the place of divinity in past and present thinking? What roles do history and culture play in conceptions of the natural world?
 
0430       Galileo & Creation of Modern Science (2201-17639) 
Dr. Paolo Palmieri
T & H 11:00a.m.-12:15p.m.
 
The Italian physicist and astronomer Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) was the decisive figure in the rise of modern science. First, he ushered in a new era in astronomy when he aimed a 30-powered telescope at the sky in 1610. Second, he revolutionized the concept of science when he argued that the book of nature is written in the language of mathematics. Finally, he astounded the theologians, who eventually condemned him to life imprisonment, when he claimed that the scientist's search for the truth cannot be constrained by religious authority. This course will study Galileo in the broader intellectual, social, and religious context of early modern Europe.
 
0515       Magic, Medicine and Science (2201-22459) 
Jennifer Whyte
Tuesday 6:00p.m.-8:30p.m.
cross-listed with HIST 0089/18844                                                                                      
 
This course will consider some of the most important lines of thought in Western intellectual history, from the Ancient Greeks to the Scientific Revolution. We will begin briefly with ancient Greek speculations in cosmology, natural philosophy, and medicine. Then we will examine how they develop through the Middle Ages and into the Renaissance. These include, among other topics, the magical, alchemical, and astrological traditions that flourished from Antiquity through the 17th century. In the second half of the course will focus on the exciting intellectual transformations in 17th-century Britain and Europe, which constitute the beginnings of modern science. The great scientific achievements of figures such as Galileo, Kepler, Copernicus, Descartes, Boyle, and Newton will be discussed. In this course, students will gain a clear understanding of the multi-dimensional origins of modern science.
 
0515       Magic, Medicine and Science (2201-30188)
George Borg
M & W 12:00p.m.-1:15p.m.
cross-listed with HIST 0089/30189
 
This course will consider some of the most important lines of thought in Western intellectual history, from the Ancient Greeks to the Scientific Revolution. We will begin briefly with ancient Greek speculations in cosmology, natural philosophy, and medicine. Then we will examine how they develop through the Middle Ages and into the Renaissance. These include, among other topics, the magical, alchemical, and astrological traditions that flourished from Antiquity through the 17th century. In the second half of the course will focus on the exciting intellectual transformations in 17th-century Britain and Europe, which constitute the beginnings of modern science. The great scientific achievements of figures such as Galileo, Kepler, Copernicus, Descartes, Boyle, and Newton will be discussed. In this course, students will gain a clear understanding of the multi-dimensional origins of modern science.
 
0517       Thinking about the Environment (2201-30880)
Katie Morrow
Wednesday 6:00p.m.-8:30p.m.
 
In this course we will think carefully about our relationship to the environment. Topics covered include the history of environmentalism, the nature and value of biodiversity, uncertainty in scientific modeling, and the global implications of climate change. Students will develop skills needed to critically evaluate scientific and ethical arguments and to engage with differing viewpoints about these pressing issues.

0611       Principles of Scientific Reasoning (2191-11636)
Shahin Kaveh
Monday 6:00p.m.-8:30p.m.
 
The course will provide students with elementary logic skills and an understanding of scientific arguments.  Ours is an increasingly scientific and technical society.  In both our personal life decisions and in our work we are daily confronted by scientific results which influence what we do and how we do it.  Basic skills in analyzing the structure of arguments in terms of truth and evidence are required to make this type of information accessible and useful.  We hear, for example, that drinking alcoholic beverages reduces the chances of heart disease.  We might well ask what sorts of tests were done to reach this conclusion and do the tests really justify the claim?  We read that certain geographical configurations in South America "prove" that this planet was visited by aliens from outer space.  Does this argument differ from other, accepted scientific arguments?  This course is designed to aid the student in making sense of a variety of elementary logic skills in conjunction
with the application of those skills to actual cases.
 
0612       Mind and Medicine (2201-26477) 
Michael Begun 
M & W 9:30a.m.-10:45a.m.
 
Mind and Medicine deals with problems and questions that arise in considering how the mind plays certain roles in medical theory and practice. Of course, this means we must think about what the mind is. We will begin this course by looking at nature of emotions (particularly pleasure, fear, and empathy), how they might be explained, and see what role emotions play in judgments. Then we shall move on to examine briefly the placebo effect, what it is, and how it might function. From there we shall examine a case of a common mental illness, depression, and use it to examine the nature of explanation in medicine generally. We shall contrast such explanations with those given in evolutionary psychology. Finally, we will examine the some of the interrelations among certain aspects of mind, brain, and body. Students who successfully complete this course will be able to identify and analyze different philosophical approaches to selected issues in the nature of mind, medicine and psychiatry; will have gained insight into how to read and critically interpret philosophical arguments; and have developed skills that will enable them to think clearly about some foundational questions as future or current health care providers, policy makers, and consumers. This course is also part of a core sequence leading to certification in the Conceptual Foundations of Medicine Certificate Program and is a companion course to HPS 0613 (Morality and Medicine) but may be taken independently. The course may be of particular interest to pre-medical and pre-health care students.
 
0613       Morality and Medicine (2201-11473)
Dr. Sandra D. Mitchell
M & W 2:00p.m.-2:50p.m.           
 
Ethical dilemmas in the practice of health care continue to proliferate and receive increasing attention from members of the health care profession, ethicists, policy makers, and the general public as health care consumers. In this course we will examine a number of ethical issues that arise in the context of contemporary medical practice and research by analyzing articles and decision scenarios. Topics to be covered typically include the physician-patient relationship; informed consent; medical experimentation; termination of treatment; genetics; reproductive technologies; euthanasia; resource allocation; and health care reform. Students who successfully complete this course will be able to identify and analyze different philosophical approaches to selected issues in medical ethics; have gained insight into how to read and critically interpret philosophical arguments; and have developed skills that will enable them to think clearly about ethical questions as future or current health care providers, policy makers, and consumers. This course is part of a core sequence leading to certification in the Conceptual Foundations of Medicine Certificate Program and is a companion course to HPS 0612 (Mind and Medicine) but may be taken independently. The course is of particular interest to pre-medical and pre-health care students.
Recitation: One hour per week
 
0613       Morality and Medicine-CGS (2201-24364)
Siska DeBaerdemaker
Monday 6:00p.m.-8:30p.m.
 
Ethical dilemmas in the practice of health care continue to proliferate and receive increasing attention from members of the health care profession, ethicists, policy makers, and the general public as health care consumers. In this course we will examine a number of ethical issues that arise in the context of contemporary medical practice and research by analyzing articles and decision scenarios. Topics to be covered typically include the physician-patient relationship; informed consent; medical experimentation; termination of treatment; genetics; reproductive technologies; euthanasia; resource allocation; and health care reform. Students who successfully complete this course will be able to identify and analyze different philosophical approaches to selected issues in medical ethics; have gained insight into how to read and critically interpret philosophical arguments; and have developed skills that will enable them to think clearly about ethical questions as future or current health care providers, policy makers, and consumers. This course is part of a core sequence leading to certification in the Conceptual Foundations of Medicine Certificate Program and is a companion course to HPS 0612 (Mind and Medicine) but may be taken independently. The course is of particular interest to pre-medical and pre-health care students.
 
0613       Morality and Medicine (2201-25316) 
Tomasz Wysocki
Thursday 6:00p.m.-8:30p.m. 
                                                                                                              
Ethical dilemmas in the practice of health care continue to proliferate and receive increasing attention from members of the health care profession, ethicists, policy makers, and the general public as health care consumers. In this course we will examine a number of ethical issues that arise in the context of contemporary medical practice and research by analyzing articles and decision scenarios. Topics to be covered typically include the physician-patient relationship; informed consent; medical experimentation; termination of treatment; genetics; reproductive technologies; euthanasia; resource allocation; and health care reform. Students who successfully complete this course will be able to identify and analyze different philosophical approaches to selected issues in medical ethics; have gained insight into how to read and critically interpret philosophical arguments; and have developed skills that will enable them to think clearly about ethical questions as future or current health care providers, policy makers, and consumers. This course is part of a core sequence leading to certification in the Conceptual Foundations of Medicine Certificate Program and is a companion course to HPS 0612 (Mind and Medicine) but may be taken independently. The course is of particular interest to pre-medical and pre-health care students.
 
0613       Morality and Medicine (2201-27844) 
Evan Pence
M & W 3:00p.m.-4:15p.m.      
                                                                                                         
Ethical dilemmas in the practice of health care continue to proliferate and receive increasing attention from members of the health care profession, ethicists, policy makers, and the general public as health care consumers. In this course we will examine a number of ethical issues that arise in the context of contemporary medical practice and research by analyzing articles and decision scenarios. Topics to be covered typically include the physician-patient relationship; informed consent; medical experimentation; termination of treatment; genetics; reproductive technologies; euthanasia; resource allocation; and health care reform. Students who successfully complete this course will be able to identify and analyze different philosophical approaches to selected issues in medical ethics; have gained insight into how to read and critically interpret philosophical arguments; and have developed skills that will enable them to think clearly about ethical questions as future or current health care providers, policy makers, and consumers. This course is part of a core sequence leading to certification in the Conceptual Foundations of Medicine Certificate Program and is a companion course to HPS 0612 (Mind and Medicine) but may be taken independently. The course is of particular interest to pre-medical and pre-health care students.
 
0613       Morality and Medicine (2201-27845) 
George Borg
T & H 1:00p.m.-2:15p.m.
 
Ethical dilemmas in the practice of health care continue to proliferate and receive increasing attention from members of the health care profession, ethicists, policy makers, and the general public as health care consumers. In this course we will examine a number of ethical issues that arise in the context of contemporary medical practice and research by analyzing articles and decision scenarios. Topics to be covered typically include the physician-patient relationship; informed consent; medical experimentation; termination of treatment; genetics; reproductive technologies; euthanasia; resource allocation; and health care reform. Students who successfully complete this course will be able to identify and analyze different philosophical approaches to selected issues in medical ethics; have gained insight into how to read and critically interpret philosophical arguments; and have developed skills that will enable them to think clearly about ethical questions as future or current health care providers, policy makers, and consumers. This course is part of a core sequence leading to certification in the Conceptual Foundations of Medicine Certificate Program and is a companion course to HPS 0612 (Mind and Medicine) but may be taken independently. The course is of particular interest to pre-medical and pre-health care students.
 
0626       Development of Modern Biology (2201-30122) 
Dr. Michael Dietrich
T & H 2:30p.m.-3:45p.m.
 
This course will consider major episodes in the history of biology in the 19th and 20th centuries.  Beginning with the Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution and ending with contemporary genomics, we will place the major milestones of modern biology in their wider social, political, and cultural context.  Topics may include Darwinism and its controversial reception, eugenics and the control of heredity, experimentation as a hallmark of twentieth century biology, the impact of molecular biology, the changing practices of natural history, and the rise of genomics and big data in biology.
 
1620       Philosophy of Biology (2201-38803) 
Jacob Neal
Thursday 6:00p.m.-8:30p.m.
 
Biology—the study of life—takes living organisms as its subject matter.  Philosophy of biology, in similar fashion, takes the science of biology as its subject matter. As part of philosophy of science, philosophy of biology aims to understand the ways in which biological knowledge is produced. Methodologically, there are at least two different ways to do philosophy of biology. First, philosophy of biology can bring philosophical tools and analysis to bear on conceptual puzzles in biology. For instance, philosophers of biology have devoted considerable attention to analyzing various concepts of evolutionary theory, such as ‘fitness’ and ‘function’. Second, philosophy of biology can explore various topics of general philosophy of science within the context of biology. In this second vein, philosophers of biology have considered questions about the status of laws in biology and the relationship between successive theories of genetics. In this introductory course, we will consider some of the core issues in philosophy of biology from both perspectives. There are no prerequisites, and no background knowledge in either philosophy or biology is required. The course is designed for students interested in philosophy, biology, or science more generally. 
 
1632       Einstein for Almost Everyone-UHC (2201-30123) 
Dr. John D. Norton
Thursday 1:00p.m.-3:30p.m.
 
Einstein’s work in physics—relativity, quantum theory, statistical mechanics—laid a foundation upon which modern physics has been built. This course will explore Einstein’s contributions, reading his original papers wherever possible. Unlike my popular course, "Einstein for Everyone,” this new course is only for “…Almost Everyone" since we will be delving into the technical, mathematical details of Einstein’s work.
 
1640       Science, Philosophy & the Senses (2201-30124)   
Dr. Mazviita Chirimuuta
M & W 2:30p.m.-3:45p.m.
 
“All our knowledge begins with the senses,” so some philosophers have claimed. In this course we will examine the history of Western philosophical thought on the role of the senses in the formation of knowledge. We will begin with John Locke, and other British empiricist philosophers in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, looking at how recent developments in experimental science and the production of instruments for observation, such as the microscope, influenced ideas about the status of knowledge acquired through the senses. We will then study the work of two nineteenth century scientists, Helmholtz and Mach, who did research both in physics and sensory physiology, and attempted to integrate their findings into a general theory of human knowledge. The final part of the course will evaluate empiricism as we find it in the twenty-first century, and how it relates to current psychology and neuroscience of perception. 
 
1653       Introduction to Philosophy of Science (2201-17096) 
Dr. Colin Allen   
M & W 1:00p.m.-1:50p.m.
cross-listed with PHIL 1610/28284
 
The aim of this course is to provide a broad survey of some the most fundamental and general questions in philosophy of science, and to cultivate your ability to think through these difficult questions in a clear and critical way. The course is divided in three main parts. In the first part, we explore the questions: "What is science? Is there a valid scientific method?" We tackle these questions by looking at the problem of induction, some classic answers to it, and following developments in confirmation theory. In part two, we investigate the questions: "Is science aiming at true theories, or does it only aim at theories that are consistent with observable phenomena?" We critically assess three main philosophical views surrounding this issue. Finally, in part three, we concentrate on more specific questions such as: "What is a scientific explanation?" and "What is a law of nature?" We look, once again, at traditional answers and more recent attempts to answer those challenging questions. Throughout the course we will be concerned with applications of these general concerns to particular issues in the physical sciences, the life sciences, and the cognitive sciences.
Recitation: One hour per week
 
 
This writing workshop is designed to introduce HPS majors to the methods and standards of good scholarly writing in History and Philosophy of Science. It will be offered to HPS majors only in conjunction with HPS 1702, JR/SR Seminar. Evaluation will be based on two short papers that will be rewritten on the basis of the instructor's comments.

This Writing Workshop is for HPS Undergrad Majors in Junior or Senior Year.