University of Pittsburgh
Undergraduate Courses (2014-2015)

Spring 2015

HPS 0410: Einstein: Modern Science and Surprises
John Norton
M & W 12:00-12:50 pm
Do astronauts age more slowly? Can a finite universe have no edge? Is time travel possible? Can time have a beginning? Does the moon change because a mouse looks at it? Surprisingly, modern science answers yes to all these questions. This course provides simple-to-understand explanations of these and other related questions, their broader philosophical significance and their histories. The course is suitable for students with no science background but with an interest in the world of modern science.

HPS 0427 / CLASS 0330: Myth and Science
Elay Shech
Thursday 6:00-8:30 pm
How can we understand our world? In western culture, science dominates all our answers to this question. But there are other ways. They can be found in the mythologies of ancient and modern peoples. This course will compare the scientific and mythological ways of seeing the world and their more subtle connections. In particular, we will turn to the remarkable events in Ancient Greece of 800–400 B.C. and discover how the scientific approach actually grew slowly out of mythological thought itself. Our attention will be concentrated on writings of Aristotle, Plato, the "Pre-Socratic" philosophers, as well as ancient Greek mythology of Hesiod and Homer.

HPS 0437: Darwinism and its Critics
James Lennox
Monday and Wednesday 2:00-2:50 pm
Charles Darwin’s ideas not only revolutionized biology - they also have revolutionary implications for how we see ourselves and our place in nature. We will study the origins and development of Darwin’s ideas, and the reactions of the scientific, religious and philosophic community to them from Darwin’s time to our own. The course revolves around two central questions: (1) What is the scientific status of Darwinism? (2) What are the implications of Darwinism for our beliefs about human nature? We will spend the last few weeks of the term looking in detail at a variety of contemporary critics of Darwinism.

HPS 0515 / HIST 0089: Magic, Medicine and Science
Paolo Palmieri
T & H 2:30-3:45 pm
In Western civilization, magic, medicine, and science have always been related. This course introduces students from all backgrounds to the Corpus Hermeticum, a body of knowledge regarding humans, their mysterious presence in the cosmos, matter, and consciousness, that has risen to prominence over the last two millennia. Classical scientists such as Newton, philosophers such as Ralph Waldo Emerson, and psychologists such as Carl Jung were influenced by the Corpus. We will explore the historical and philosophical dimensions of the Corpus Hermeticum and learn about its perennial teachings.

HPS 0515 / HIST 0089: Magic, Medicine and Science
Patricia Rich
M 6:00-8:30 pm
In Western civilization, magic, medicine, and science have always been deeply related to one another. This course introduces students from all backgrounds to humanistic ecology, an interdisciplinary method of learning which combines the history of magic, medicine, and science with the humanities. Humanistic ecology teaches how to integrate scientific research, philosophy, pedagogy, literature, and health in a holistic framework. In addition, this course will take a historically oriented approach to introducing the students to the scientific method and its philosophy. The great scientific achievements of figures such as Descartes, Kepler, Galileo, and Newton will be discussed in detail. We will also discuss feminist perspectives on science.

HPS 0608 / PHIL 0610: Philosophy of Science
Dr. Giovanni Valente
M & W 12:00-12:50 pm
What is the relation between philosophy and science? On the one hand, the discoveries by scientists are often inspired by philosophical ideas. On the other hand, scientific achievements often pose deep conceptual questions to philosophers. The connection between these disciplines is thus so tied that it may become difficult to even draw a border between them. This course explores such a connection through the study of important episodes in the history of science. Specific issues of philosophy of science, such as scientific progress, confirmation and the method of science, will be addressed. There will be a special focus on philosophical problems arising in climate modeling and public policy.

HPS 0610: Causal Reasoning
Lauren Ross
Thursday 6:00-8:30 pm
How can scientists, statisticians, and other researchers distinguish causal relationships from those that are merely correlational?  Why is this distinction important for medical research, public policy, and decision-making in everyday life?  This course examines these questions and reasoning about causality in general. This course includes a web-based format for the textual material, exams, and virtual "Causality Lab." Students will use this lab to analyze simulated experiments, construct causal theories, derive predictions from these theories, and test predictions against simulated data. While the course materials are available on-line, students attend a weekly session for case study analysis and course material review.

HPS 0611: Principles of Scientific Reasoning
Marina Baldissera-Pachetti
Wednesday 6:00-8:30 pm
The course will provide students with elementary logic skills and an understanding of scientific arguments. Ours is an increasingly scientific and technical society. In both our personal life decisions and in our work we are daily confronted by scientific results which influence what we do and how we do it. Basic skills in analyzing the structure of arguments in terms of truth and evidence are required to make this type of information accessible and useful. We hear, for example, that drinking alcoholic beverages reduces the chances of heart disease. We might well ask what sorts of tests were done to reach this conclusion and do the tests really justify the claim? We read that certain geographical configurations in South America "prove" that this planet was visited by aliens from outer space. Does this argument differ from other, accepted scientific arguments? This course is designed to aid the student in making sense of a variety of elementary logic skills in conjunction with the application of those skills to actual cases.

HPS 0612: Mind and Medicine
Dr. James Woodward
M & W 1-1:50 pm
This course is designed as an introduction to the philosophical issues that exist at the intersection of psychology and medicine. Among others, we will examine the following questions: What does it mean to be healthy? Can one define health and sickness purely objectively? Should human medical judgments (e.g., clinicians' judgments) be replaced by purely automatic, computerized procedures? What is the nature of medical expertise? Are medical judgments influenced by various biases and can these biases be overcome? Are psychiatric disorders real? How should scientists explain psychiatric disorders? How much do we learn about them by studying animals (e.g., rats)? Can evolutionary biology be useful to psychiatry? The goal of this class is to provide students with a critical understanding of these philosophical issues. Previous knowledge of biology, psychology, and medicine is not needed for this class. Key notions and theories in these fields will be introduced progressively. Prerequisites: There are no formal prerequisites for this course.
This course is part of a core sequence leading to certification in the Conceptual Foundations of Medicine Program, and is a companion course to HPS 0613 (Morality and Medicine) but may be taken independently. This course is of particular interest to pre-medical and pre-health care students.
Recitation: One hour a week.

HPS 0612: Mind and Medicine
Elay Shech
T 6:00-8:30 pm
This course is designed as an introduction to the philosophical issues that exist at the intersection of psychology and medicine. Among others, we will examine the following questions: What does it mean to be healthy? Can one define health and sickness purely objectively? Should human medical judgments (e.g., clinicians’ judgments) be replaced by purely automatic, computerized procedures? What is the nature of medical expertise? Are medical judgments influenced by various biases and can these biases be overcome? Are psychiatric disorders real? How should scientists explain psychiatric disorders? How much do we learn about them by studying animals (e.g., rats)? Can evolutionary biology be useful to psychiatry? The goal of this class is to provide students with a critical understanding of these philosophical issues. Previous knowledge of biology, psychology, and medicine is not needed for this class. Key notions and theories in these fields will be introduced progressively. Prerequisites: There are no formal prerequisites for this course.
This course is part of a core sequence leading to certification in the Conceptual Foundations of Medicine Program, and is a companion course to HPS 0613 (Morality and Medicine) but may be taken independently. This course is of particular interest to pre-medical and pre-health care students.

HPS 0613: Morality and Medicine
Keith Bemer
M & W 4:30-5:45 pm
Ethical dilemmas in the practice of health care continue to proliferate and receive increasing attention from members of the health care profession, ethicists, policy makers, and the general public as health care consumers. In this course we will examine a number of ethical issues that arise in the context of contemporary medical practice and research by analyzing articles and decision scenarios. Topics to be covered typically include the physician-patient relationship; informed consent; medical experimentation; termination of treatment; genetics; reproductive technologies; euthanasia; resource allocation; and health care reform. Students who successfully complete this course will be able to identify and analyze different philosophical approaches to selected issues in medical ethics; have gained insight into how to read and critically interpret philosophical arguments; and have developed skills that will enable them to think clearly about ethical questions as future or current health care providers, policy makers, and consumers. This course is part of a core sequence leading to certification in the Conceptual Foundations of Medicine Certificate Program, and is a companion course to HPS 0612 (Mind and Medicine) but may be taken independently. The course is of particular interest to pre-medical and pre-health care students.

HPS 0616: Artificial Intelligence & Philosophy of Science
Mazviita Chirimuuta
T & H 11:00-12:15 pm
Artificial intelligence has been and still is one of the core disciplines of contemporary cognitive science. It raises fascinating questions: Can robots think? Is artificial intelligence really intelligence? Could artifacts be conscious? What can we learn about the human mind from building robots? How should intelligent robots be built? We will survey the main controversies that artificial intelligence has provoked.

HPS 0620: Science and Religion (UHC)
Jason Rampelt
M & W 11:00-11:50 pm
This course will introduce you to the vast and variegated ways in which the natural sciences and Christianity have interacted in Western history. As an honors course, you will not only become versed in the main landmarks and debates within this history, but also gain proficiency in interpreting the primary source texts which scholars use to write it. This will include an introduction to using archival material, weekly recitations with the professor where readings are closely examined, and practice in guided writing assignments. Our subject will begin with an examination of the relations between religion and natural philosophy in the ancient world, broadening the question to one of worldviews at large. From there, we will follow the particularly Christian side of this question as it was considered in the medieval church. Special attention will be given to the early-modern period when natural philosophy began to take on many of the features we associate with the natural sciences today. This longer view provides a more balanced background for assessing some of the more controversial issues which are typically connected with ‘Science and Religion’, namely, Natural Theology, Darwinism, and Cosmology. We will consider these topics both in their historic forms in the 19th and early 20th centuries, and as those concepts have been modified and re-presented in their most recent forms. Regular attention will be given to rising news items relevant to our topics.

HPS 1605: Aesthetics and Science
Peter Machamer
T & H 4:00-5:15 pm
What are the experiences that affect our appreciation of literature, painting, or music? Does knowing about a work of art preclude deeply appreciating it? Is there a peculiar aesthetic experience? Is beauty in the eye of the beholder? Is smut? This course examines certain psychological and social aspects of human perception and thought as they relate to various arts. We will deal with how the psychological processes of perception and cognition can help us understand a person’s peculiar attraction to artworks. Is there a specific cultural or social dimension to works of art? Can we explain why humans react to and evaluate the works they do? How much is emotion? How much understanding? Movies, literature, painting, music, poetry, and cookery will be examined. In doing so we will explore the concepts of metaphor, interpretation, and artistic style.

HPS 1612 / PHIL 1612: Philosophy of 20th Century Physics
Michael Miller
W 6:00-8:30pm
The recent discovery of the Higgs Boson marked a final step in the empirical verification of the Standard Model of particle physics, our best theory of the fundamental forces and the elementary particles that experience them. This course will discuss philosophical issues associated with the theoretical and experimental challenges posed by the Standard Model. We will discuss special relativity and quantum mechanics and how they revolutionized our understanding of space, time, and matter. We will then discuss how these theories are combined in the Standard Model and the peculiar picture of the world that emerges from this synthesis. Along the way we will address philosophical questions concerning scientific explanation, laws of nature, and the kind of knowledge that is generated by the enormous experiments that are required to test the Standard Model. This course will be accessible for those with no background in physics but with an interest in the philosophical challenges that modern physics poses.

HPS 1620: Philosophy of Biology
Haixin Dang
M & W 9:30-10:45 am
Philosophy of Biology will consider foundational conceptual issues in biology like the nature and structure of biological explanation, the possibility of laws in evolutionary theory, the relationship between different causal components of biological processes (genetics and development), the problem of species reality and classification, the explanatory character of ascription of biological function, and the extension of biological explanations to human psychology and culture. It is designed for both the philosopher who can explore central epistemological and metaphysical issues in the context of biological science and for the biologist who wants to explore the conceptual foundations and presuppositions of her science. The students will read primary historical and philosophical texts, engage in discussion and write essays. The format of the course will be a combination of lecture and discussion.

HPS 1702: JR/SR Seminar for HPS Majors
Kenneth Schaffner
Thursday 2:00-4:30 pm
This course will examine some of the philosophical issues, as well as several historical topics, in psychiatry – and also include related examples from medicine, genetics, and neurobiology. We will assess the ways in which psychiatry analyzes and proposes criteria for the definitions of psychiatric disorders and classifications, and discuss their reliability and validity. These issues will be considered in general, and also as they relate to the recently published and still controversial Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5) of the American Psychiatric Association. More specifically, these topics include examining the organizing principles for psychiatric classification and the roles of etiological and non-etiological characterizations of disorders. The usefulness of reductive strategies and the mechanisms of disorders (including related genetic and neuroimaging research) will be reviewed. Our philosophical perspective is primarily analytical, however phenomenological and hermeneutical approaches will also be discussed. Historical topics will include the contrast between psychoanalytical, narrative approaches and biological psychiatry, and the transition of the discipline from the former to the latter. Extended consideration of schizophrenia, as well as depressive disorders, Alzheimer’s dementia, and autism will be course themes. The course will be conducted seminar style; Students will be expected to give one or two oral presentations, with accompanying written documentation, and to do a term paper at the end of the course. Prerequisites: Must be an HPS major in junior or senior year.

HPS 1703: Writing Workshop for HPS Majors
Kenneth Schaffner
Thursday 2:00-4:30
This writing workshop is designed to introduce HPS majors to the methods and standards of good scholarly writing in History and Philosophy of Science. It will be offered to HPS majors only in conjunction with HPS 1702, JR/SR Seminar. Evaluation will be based on two short papers that will be rewritten on the basis of the instructor's comments.
This Writing Workshop is for HPS Undergrad Majors in Junior or Senior Year.

Fall 2014

HPS 0427 / CLASS 0330: Myth and Science
Keith Bemer
Weds 6:00-8:30 pm
How can we understand our world? In western culture, science dominates all our answers to this question. But there are other ways. They can be found in the mythologies of ancient and modern peoples. This course will compare the scientific and mythological ways of seeing the world and their more subtle connections. In particular, we will turn to the remarkable events in Ancient Greece of 800-400 B.C. and discover how the scientific approach actually grew slowly out of mythological thought itself.

HPS 0427 / CLASS 0330: Myth and Science
Jason Rampelt
T & H 1:00-2:15 pm
How can we understand our world? In western culture, science dominates all our answers to this question. But there are other ways. They can be found in the mythologies of ancient and modern peoples. This course will compare the scientific and mythological ways of seeing the world and their more subtle connections. In particular, we will turn to the remarkable events in Ancient Greece of 800-400 B.C. and discover how the scientific approach actually grew slowly out of mythological thought itself.

HPS 0430: Galileo & Creation of Modern Science
Dr. Paolo Palmieri
T & H 11:30-12:15 am
The Italian physicist and astronomer Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) was the decisive figure in the rise of modern science. First, he ushered in a new era in astronomy when he aimed a 30-powered telescope at the sky in 1610. Second, he revolutionized the concept of science when he argued that the book of nature is written in the language of mathematics. Finally, he astounded the theologians, who eventually condemned him to life imprisonment, when he claimed that the scientist's search for the truth cannot be constrained by religious authority. This course will study Galileo in the broader intellectual, social, and religious context of early modern Europe.

HPS 0515 / HIST 0089: Magic, Medicine and Science
Elay Shech
Thursday 6:00-8:30 pm
This course is a partial survey of some important strands in the Western intellectual history. We will start with ancient Greek speculations in cosmology, philosophy, and medicine. Then we will look at some important subsequent developments in these areas and how they were influenced by the Greek tradition. These include, among other topics, the magical tradition that flourished during the Renaissance period. The latter half of the course will focus on the profound intellectual transformations in the 17th century which constitute what we often call The Scientific Revolution. The great scientific achievements of figures such as Descartes, Kepler, Galileo, and Newton will be discussed in detail. Overall, this course is meant to provide a broad picture of some of the most important elements in the Western intellectual tradition and their interactions in history.

HPS 0605: Nature of the Emotions
Dr. Edouard Machery
M & W 12:00-12:50 am
This course is a historical and philosophical examination of theories and portrayals of the emotions. We will examine different philosophical and scientific accounts of such emotions as love, hate, desire, anger, jealousy, pride and grief, and the historical development of those accounts. A number of questions will guide our readings and discussions. How have philosophers and scientists portrayed the relationship between emotions, and reason, will and morality. In what aspect or aspects of human nature are the emotions grounded—the body, the mind, or both? How are the emotions related to personality and rationality? Can one examine one’s emotions and control them, or change the way the emotions affect our behavior? Can philosophical and scientific theories about the emotions be tested and validated? And since beliefs about emotions change throughout history, and also from culture to culture, does this imply the emotions change as well? Does love, for example, have the same meaning in Ancient Greece, Medieval England, and modern day America; or in modern day America, Saudi Arabia, China, and Germany? The course readings will be a combination of writings by philosophers and scientists from Aristotle and Plato to contemporary neuro-scientists and philosophers.
Recitation: Once a week required.

HPS 0611: Principles of Scientific Reasoning
Michael Miller
Mon 6:00-8:30 pm
The course will provide students with elementary logic skills and an understanding of scientific arguments. Ours is an increasingly scientific and technical society. In both our personal life decisions and in our work we are daily confronted by scientific results which influence what we do and how we do it. Basic skills in analyzing the structure of arguments in terms of truth and evidence are required to make this type of information accessible and useful. We hear, for example, that drinking alcoholic beverages reduces the chances of heart disease. We might well ask what sorts of tests were done to reach this conclusion and do the tests really justify the claim? We read that certain geographical configurations in South America "prove" that this planet was visited by aliens from outer space. Does this argument differ from other, accepted scientific arguments? This course is designed to aid the student in making sense of a variety of elementary logic skills in conjunction with the application of those skills to actual cases.

HPS 0611: Principles of Scientific Reasoning
Joshua Rosaler
M, W & F 11:00-11:50 am
The course will provide students with elementary logic skills and an understanding of scientific arguments. Ours is an increasingly scientific and technical society. In both our personal life decisions and in our work we are daily confronted by scientific results which influence what we do and how we do it. Basic skills in analyzing the structure of arguments in terms of truth and evidence are required to make this type of information accessible and useful. We hear, for example, that drinking alcoholic beverages reduces the chances of heart disease. We might well ask what sorts of tests were done to reach this conclusion and do the tests really justify the claim? We read that certain geographical configurations in South America "prove" that this planet was visited by aliens from outer space. Does this argument differ from other, accepted scientific arguments? This course is designed to aid the student in making sense of a variety of elementary logic skills in conjunction with the application of those skills to actual cases.

HPS 0612: Mind and Medicine
Jason Rampelt
T & H 9:30-10:45 am
This course is designed as an introduction to the philosophical issues that exist at the intersection of psychology and medicine. Among others, we will examine the following questions: What does it mean to be healthy? Can one define health and sickness purely objectively? Should human medical judgments (e.g., clinicians’ judgments) be replaced by purely automatic, computerized procedures? What is the nature of medical expertise? Are medical judgments influenced by various biases and can these biases be overcome? Are psychiatric disorders real? How should scientists explain psychiatric disorders? How much do we learn about them by studying animals (e.g., rats)? Can evolutionary biology be useful to psychiatry? The goal of this class is to provide students with a critical understanding of these philosophical issues. Previous knowledge of biology, psychology, and medicine is not needed for this class. Key notions and theories in these fields will be introduced progressively. Prerequisites: There are no formal prerequisites for this course. This course is part of a core sequence leading to certification in the Conceptual Foundations of Medicine Program, and is a companion course to HPS 0613 (Morality and Medicine) but may be taken independently. This course is of particular interest to pre-medical and pre-health care students.

HPS 0612: Mind and Medicine
Lauren Ross
Thurs 6:00-8:30 pm
This course is designed as an introduction to the philosophical issues that exist at the intersection of psychology and medicine. Among others, we will examine the following questions: What does it mean to be healthy? Can one define health and sickness purely objectively? Should human medical judgments (e.g., clinicians’ judgments) be replaced by purely automatic, computerized procedures? What is the nature of medical expertise? Are medical judgments influenced by various biases and can these biases be overcome? Are psychiatric disorders real? How should scientists explain psychiatric disorders? How much do we learn about them by studying animals (e.g., rats)? Can evolutionary biology be useful to psychiatry? The goal of this class is to provide students with a critical understanding of these philosophical issues. Previous knowledge of biology, psychology, and medicine is not needed for this class. Key notions and theories in these fields will be introduced progressively. Prerequisites: There are no formal prerequisites for this course. This course is part of a core sequence leading to certification in the Conceptual Foundations of Medicine Program, and is a companion course to HPS 0613 (Morality and Medicine) but may be taken independently. This course is of particular interest to pre-medical and pre-health care students.

HPS 0613: Morality and Medicine
Dr. Peter K. Machamer
M & W 2:00-2:50 pm
Ethical dilemmas in the practice of health care continue to proliferate and receive increasing attention from members of the health care profession, ethicists, policy makers, and the general public as health care consumers. In this course we will examine a number of ethical issues that arise in the context of contemporary medical practice and research by analyzing articles and decision scenarios. Topics to be covered typically include the physician-patient relationship; informed consent; medical experimentation; termination of treatment; genetics; reproductive technologies, including cloning and stem cells; euthanasia, including the recent Sciavo case; resource allocation; and health care reform. Students who successfully complete this course will be able to identify and analyze different philosophical approaches to selected issues in medical ethics; have gained insight into how to read and critically interpret philosophical arguments; and have developed skills that will enable them to think clearly about ethical questions as future or current health care providers, policy makers, and consumers.
This course is part of a core sequence leading to certification in the Conceptual Foundations of Medicine Certificate Program, and is a companion course to HPS 0612 (Mind and Medicine) but may be taken independently. The course is of particular interest to pre-medical and pre-health care students.
Recitation: One hour a week.

HPS 0613: Morality and Medicine
Haixin Dang
Tues 6:00-8:30 pm
Ethical dilemmas in the practice of health care continue to proliferate and receive increasing attention from members of the health care profession, ethicists, policy makers, and the general public as health care consumers. In this course we will examine a number of ethical issues that arise in the context of contemporary medical practice and research by analyzing articles and decision scenarios. Topics to be covered typically include the physician-patient relationship; informed consent; medical experimentation; termination of treatment; genetics; reproductive technologies, including cloning and stem cells; euthanasia, including the recent Sciavo case; resource allocation; and health care reform. Students who successfully complete this course will be able to identify and analyze different philosophical approaches to selected issues in medical ethics; have gained insight into how to read and critically interpret philosophical arguments; and have developed skills that will enable them to think clearly about ethical questions as future or current health care providers, policy makers, and consumers.
This course is part of a core sequence leading to certification in the Conceptual Foundations of Medicine Certificate Program, and is a companion course to HPS 0612 (Mind and Medicine) but may be taken independently. The course is of particular interest to pre-medical and pre-health care students.

HPS 0621: Problem Solving: How Science Works
Patricia Rich
Weds 6:00-8:30 pm
A scientist announces that the sun contains a new, so-far unknown chemical element, even though there is no hope of getting a sample. Another is sure that a famous predecessor has faked his data, even though he has seen nothing but the perfect, published results. Astonishingly, both claims prove to be sober and sound. We will explore the approaches and methods that make such miracles part of the routine of everyday science. This course is intended for students with little or no background in science.

HPS 1630 / MUSIC 1270: Music, Culture and Technology
Dr. Rachel Mundy
M & W 3:00-4:15 pm
In this course, we will explore the history of sound reproduction technology from the end of the nineteenth century into the present day, analyzing the way sonic technologies have shaped the creation, consumption, and social politics of music in North America. This is not a course about how to make sonic technology, or how to use it; instead, it engages with sound reproduction technology as a social, historical, and cultural artifact. Although the course is roughly chronological, it is not comprehensive—the purpose is not to learn a single, continuous history of audio technology. We will be exploring various perspectives from more than a century of historical and technological change, moving from the use of sound in 19th-century laboratories to the culture of the iPod. By thinking critically about technology’s broader social and intellectual contexts, this class sheds light on the historical and material stakes of sonic technology for listeners in the 21st century.

HPS 1653 / PHIL 1610: Introduction to Philosophy of Science
Dr. Adam Caulton
M & W 1:00-1:50 pm
This course will provide a broad survey of a number of important issues in philosophy of science. Topics will include the distinction between science and other forms of human knowledge, the nature of scientific theories, theories of scientific method, the growth or change of scientific knowledge over time, the ways in which scientific claims are tested and supported by evidence, the nature of scientific laws, and the form of good scientific explanations.

HPS 1690 / PHIL 1690: Topics in Philosophy of Science
Dr. Giovanni Valente
M & W 4:30-5:45 pm
The birth of quantum mechanics at the eve of the twentieth century marked a revolution in our classical understanding of the physical world. Such a theory successfully accounts for the phenomena taking place at the microscopic level. Yet, what the theory tells us about fundamental reality is still far from clear. This course focuses on the philosophical problem arising from quantum mechanics. In particular, we shall discuss various interpretations of the theory. Particular emphasis will be given to the issue of non-locality arising from the notion of entanglement, which is responsible for some surprising phenomena, such as quantum teleportation.